Klin (Клин) is a town and administrative centre
of the Klin district (Клинский район) of Moscow oblast
(Московская область) in the Russian Federation. During
the composer's lifetime it formed part of the Klin district (Клинский уезд) in the Moscow province (Московская
губерния) of the Russian Empire.
Tchaikovsky rented a spacious two-storey house at Klin from V. S. Sakharov
from May 1892 until his death in October 1893, having previously rented accommodation
in the nearby villages of Frolovskoye and Maydanovo. After the composer's death the house
was purchased by Modest Tchaikovsky
and Aleksey Sofronov, and converted
into a commemorative museum.
Concert commitments and other engagements frequently took the composer away
from Klin, but he still did a great deal of work while he was in residence:
- 5/17 May–16/28 May 1892 — correcting and revising his Festival Overture on the Danish
National Anthem for publication.
- 20 May/1 June–27 May/8 June 1892 — starting work on the Symphony in E♭ major (which was later abandoned).
- 11/23 July–30 August/11 September 1892 — correcting the proofs of The Nutcracker and Iolanta, interspersed with
brief visits to Moscow.
- 7/19 October–14/26 October 1892 — after returning from a conducting tour,
he did further work on the
Symphony in E♭ major, before leaving
- 18/30 October–26 October/7 November 1892 — after eight days back home,
he left for Saint Petersburg, and then
another foreign tour.
- 3/15 February–11/23 February 1893 — beginning work on his Symphony No. 6, which he
later called the Pathétique.
- 16/28 February–25 February/9 March 1893 — continuing work on the symphony,
after a conducting engagement in Moscow.
- 27 February/11 March–4/16 March 1893 — further work on the symphony, before
leaving for more concerts in Moscow and Kharkov.
- 18/30 March–24 March/5 April 1893 — he completed the draft of the Symphony No. 6, and on
the same day (24 March/5 April) began the Military March for his cousin
- 5/17 April–22 April/4 May 1893 — starting and completing the composition
of the Eighteen Pieces for piano
- 2/14 May–5/17 May 1893 — in just four days Tchaikovsky completed the Six Romances (Op. 73), wrote
the quartet Night (based
on music by Mozart), and wrote a trio for the Military March.
- 18/30 July–20 August/1 September 1893 — returning after another foreign
tour, he immediately took up the orchestration of the Symphony No. 6, completing
this on 12/24 August.
- 25 September/7 October–7/19 October 1893 — working on the Piano Concerto No. 3, which
was based on three movements of the discarded Symphony in E♭ major. He left Klin for the last time on the
evening of 7/19 October, en route to Moscow.
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